A $65,000 survey funded by the Army Corps of Engineers is plotting the Nushagak to understand how its movement may affect coastal erosion around downtown Dillingham.
A drift boat outfitted with surveying equipment spent just over a week in September crisscrossing Nushagak Bay, taking depth measurements. The Army Corps of Engineers funded the survey to plot changes to the river’s channel. They’re doing so to keep an eye on coastal erosion, particularly at the site of the seawall they built at Snag Point sixteen years ago.
"We’re using a multi-beam echo-sounder, which is basically a very very fancy fish finder."
Per Steenstrup is a hydrological surveyor with eTrac, Inc., the company hired by the Army Corps of Engineers to study the Nushagak. He says this survey is the most precise measurement to date of the half square-mile area.
"Instead of getting one bottom reading back per ping, we get 256 that are kind of fanned out beneath the boat… So we basically sail back and forth, painting the ocean floor. We like to call it mowing the lawn, just back and forth, back and forth."
The Army Corps contracted the survey to monitor changes to the river’s channel that could intensify shoreline erosion, specifically at the site of the bulkhead at Snag Point.
Robert Tedrick is a structural engineer with the Army Corps of Engineers.
"There’s some thought that the deepest part of the river maybe is getting closer to Dillingham or closer to the shore. We’ve got a little bit of historical data -- it's not as good as what we're trying to gather now --and if we do this now, we’ll have data points, the location of the deepest part of the river or the slope of the river bed. And if we do that again in a few years, it'll give us something to compare."
Tedrick says the $65-thousand-dollar survey is primarily concerned with the fate of the Snag Point sea wall the Army Corps built in 1999. They since turned the site over to the City, which is now responsible for its maintenance.
"We’re more or less providing a service to the city to say 'Hey, we’ve looked at it and we’re concerned about this area.' And our reports do indicate concern. It is definitely worrisome."
Shoreline erosion has been a major issue for areas in downtown Dillingham. A 2009 Army Corps of Engineers study showed average erosion rates of between two and ten feet per year between 1972 and 2001.
The Army Corps of Engineers expect to release the results of this month's hydrographic survey within a few months.
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